Oregon Almanac: Skiing to Waterfalls, Highest


Skiers have challenged Oregon's slopes for decades. Above, Miss Billie Simpson shows off circa 1937 ski fashions on Mt. Hood. (Oregon State Archives, OHD photo no. G395)
Downhill Skiing
Anthony Lakes, near Union; Mt. Ashland, near Ashland; Mt. Bachelor, near Bend; Mt. Bailey snowcat skiing, near Diamond Lake; Cooper Spur, at Mt. Hood; Ferguson Ridge, near Joseph; Hoodoo, near Sisters; Mt. Hood Meadows, at Mt. Hood; Skibowl, at Mt. Hood; Spout Springs, near Elgin; Summit, at Government Camp; Timberline, at Mt. Hood; Warner Canyon, near Lakeview; Willamette Pass, near Oakridge; Wing Ridge in the Wallowas
Cross Country Skiing
National Forests: Deschutes, Fremont-Winema, Malheur, Mt. Hood, Ochoco, Rogue River-Siskiyou, Umatilla, Umpqua, Wallowa-Whitman, Willamette. Also, Crater Lake National Park and Hells Canyon National Recreation Area.

Soil, State

The Legislature designated Jory soil as Oregon’s state soil in 2011. The Jory soil is distinguished by its brick-red, clayish nature as it has developed on old volcanic rocks through thousands of years of weathering. It is estimated to exist on more than 300,000 acres of western Oregon hillsides and is named after Jory Hill in Marion County. Jory soil supports forest vegetation such as Douglas fir and Oregon white oak. Many areas with the soil have been cleared and are now used for agriculture. Jory soil, coupled with Willamette Valley climate, provides an ideal setting for crops, including wine grapes, wheat, Christmas trees, berries, hazelnuts and grass seed.

Song, State

stae song sheet music
Oregon designated "Oregon, My Oregon" as the official state song in 1927, seven years after two Oregonians wrote it.
View sheet music | Listen to sound file
J. A. Buchanan of Astoria and Henry B. Murtagh of Portland wrote “Oregon, My Oregon,” in 1920. With this song, Buchanan and Murtagh won a statewide competition sponsored by the Society of Oregon Composers. The song became the Oregon state song in 1927

Standard of Time

The standard time zones were established by Congress in 1918. Oregon lies within the Pacific Standard Time zone with the exception of most of Malheur County along the Idaho border, which is on Mountain Standard Time. Daylight Saving Time is in effect from March through November. 
Clocks “spring forward” one hour at 2:00 a.m. on the second Sunday of March: 3/10/19, 3/8/20, 3/14/21.
Clocks “fall back” one hour at 2:00 a.m. on the first Sunday of November: 11/3/19, 11/1/20, 11/7/21.


Tartan, registration number 36406 was designated Oregon’s official tartan by the 2017 legislature. With colors symbolizing the distinctive features of the state, its blue, gold, green, black, white, taupe, crimson and azure represent the water, mountains, forests, grasslands and volcanic past of our state.

Temperatures, Records and Averages

Highest: 119°F on July 29, 1898, in Pendleton and on August 10, 1898, in Prineville
Lowest: -54°F on February 9, 1933, in Ukiah (50 miles south of Pendleton) and on February 10, 1933, in Seneca (105 miles southwest of Baker City)

Average January/July Temperatures

Burns: January 24.8°F/July 66.6°F
Grants Pass: January 40.9°F/July 71.8°F
Newport: January 45.7°F/July 57.9°F
Redmond: January 32.7°F/July 65.9°F
Salem: January 41.2°F/July 67.6°F

Tree, State

Douglas fir tree
The Douglas-fir is Oregon's state tree and has played a key role in the economy of western Oregon. (Oregon State Archives Photo)
The Douglas Fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii), named for David Douglas, a 19th century Scottish botanist, was designated the Oregon state tree in 1939. Great strength, stiffness and moderate weight make it an invaluable timber product said to be stronger than concrete. Averaging up to 200' in height and six feet in diameter, heights of 325' and diameters of 15' can also be found.

Trees, Large

American Chestnut (Castanea dentata): 106' tall, 219" circumference, Multnomah County

Baker Cypress (Cupressus bakeri): 98' tall, 107" circumference, Josephine County, Rogue River National Forest 

Bigleaf Maple (Acer macrophyllum): 119' tall, 463" circumference, Lane County

Bitter Cherry (Prunus emarginata): 83' tall, 35" circumference, Marion County

Black Cottonwood (Populus balsamifera): 154' tall, 348" circumference, Marion County

Black Walnut (Juglans nigra): 112' tall, 312" circumference, Multnomah County

California Laurel (Umbellularia californica): 101' tall, 601" circumference, Curry County

Douglas Fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii): 327' tall, 444" circumference, Coos County

English Oak (Quercus robur): 69' tall, 156" circumference, Polk County

Giant Chinkapin (Chrysolepis chrysophylla): 106' tall, 182" circumference, Douglas County

Incense Cedar (Calocedrus decurrens): 138' tall, 484" circumference, Josephine County
Multnomah Falls
Multnomah Falls. (Oregon State Archives Photo)

Knobcone Pine (Pinus attenuate): 117' tall, 118" circumference, Josephine County
Monterey Pine (Pinus radiata): 94' tall, 234" circumference, Coos County

Noble Fir (Abies procera): 216' tall, 252" circumference, Linn County
Oregon Ash (Fraxinus latifolia): 81' tall, 285" circumference, Multnomah County
Oregon White Oak (Quercus garryana): 97' tall, 288" circumference, Multnomah County
Pacific Dogwood (Cornus nuttallii): 61' tall, 150" circumference, Multnomah County
Pacific Willow (Salix lucida): 70' tall, 102" circumference, Washington County
Ponderosa Pine (Pinus Ponderosa): 167’ tall, 348” circumference, Deschutes County
Port Orford Cedar (Chamaecyparis lawsoniana): 242' tall, 522" circumference, Coos County, Siskiyou National Forest
Sugar Pine (Pinus lambertiana): 255' tall, 290" circumference, Douglas County
Tanoak (Lithocarpus densiflorus): 135' tall, 303" circumference, Curry County
White Alder (Alnus rhombifolia): 91' tall, 151" circumference, Polk County 

Waterfall, Highest

Multnomah Falls - 620'