Oregon Almanac: Soil to Wine Industry Production

Soil, State​​

The Legislature designated Jory soil as Oregon’s state soil in 2011. Jory soil is distinguished by its brick-red, clayish nature, developed on old volcanic rocks through thousands of years of weathering. It is estimated to exist on more than 300,000 acres of western Oregon hillsides and is named after Jory Hill in Marion County. Jory soil supports forest vegetation such​ as Douglas fir and Oregon white oak. Many areas with the soil have been cleared and are now used for agriculture. Jory soil, coupled with Willamette Valley climate, provides an ideal setting for various crops, including wine grapes, wheat, Christmas trees, berries, hazelnuts and grass seed.​

Song, State

state song sheet music
Oregon designated "Oregon, My Oregon" as the official state song in 1927.
View sheet ​music​
J. A. Buchanan of Astoria and Henry B. Murtagh of Portland wrote “Oregon, My Oregon,” in 1920. With this song, Buchanan and Murtagh won a statewide competition sponsored by the Society of Oregon Composers.The song became the Oregon state song in 1927. In 2021, the Oregon Legislature approved new lyrics to the song written by Amy Shapiro of Beaverton. The updated lyrics are meant to be more inclusive and removed racist language.

Standard of Time

The standard time zones were established by Congress in 1918. Oregon lies within the Pacific Standard Time zone with the exception of most of Malheur County along the Idaho border, which is on Mountain Standard Time. Daylight Saving Time is in effect from March to November. 
Clocks “spring forward” one hour at 2:00 a.m. on the second Sunday of March: 3/12/23, 3/10/24 3/9/25
Clocks “fall back” one hour at 2:00 a.m. on the first Sunday of November: 11/5/23, 11/3/24,11/2/25

Tartan, State

Tartan, registration number 36406 was designated Oregon’s official tartan by the 2017 Legislature. With colors symbolizing the distinctive features of the state, its blue, gold, green, black, white, taupe, crimson and azure represent the water, mountains, forests, grasslands and volcanic past of our state.​

Temperatures, Records and Averages

Highest: 119°F on August 10, 1898, in Pendleton and on July 29, 1898, in Prineville
Lowest: -54°F on February 9, 1933, in Ukiah (50 miles south of Pendleton) and on February 10, 1933, in Seneca (105 miles southwest of Baker City)
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Average January/July Temperatures

Burns .................January 26.5°F/July 68.6°F
Grants Pass......January 41.5°F/July 73.4°F
North Bend......January 47.3°F/July 59.8°F
Redmond..........January 34.8°F/July 73.4°F
Salem.................January 42.1°F/July 69.3°F
Douglas fir tree pine needles with pinecone
The Douglas-fir is Oregon's state tree and has played a key role in the economy of western Oregon. (Oregon State Archives Photo)

Travel and Tourism (2021)

Total direct spending: $10.9 billion
Overnight visitors: 14 million
Travel-generated employment: 100,000

Tree, State

The Douglas fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii), named for David Douglas, a 19th century Scottish botanist, was designated the Oregon state tree in 1939. Great strength, stiffness and moderate weight make it an invaluable timber product said to be stronger than concrete. Averaging up to 200' in height and six feet in diameter, heights of 325' and diameters of 15' can also be found.
A baset of small potatoes
​Potatoes are a tuber of the plant Solanum tuberosum and are a root vegetable native to the Americas. Wild potatoes are found in the southern United States, and it’s believed they were domesticated in what is now Peru and northern Bolivia. Oregon is one of the top producers of potatoes in the United States. ​

Vegetable, State

The potato became Oregon’s official vegetable​ in 2023.​

​Waterfall, Highest

Multnomah Falls - 620'

Wine Industry Production (2021)

Grape production value: $271 million.
Number of vineyards: 1,411
Number of wineries: 1,058
Total planted acreage: 41,899 acres
Leading variety: Pinot Noir—60% of all planted acreage and 61% of wine grape production​​