County Seat: Courthouse, 10 S Oakdale Ave., Medford 97501
Phone: 541-774-6029 (General); 541-776-7171 (Court Administrator - Justice Bldg., 100 S Oakdale Ave., Medford 97501)
Population (2020): 223,240
Established: Jan. 12, 1852
Elev. at Medford: 1,382'
Area: 2,801 sq. mi.
Average Temp.: January 37.6° July 72.5°
Assessed Value: $22,786,215,178
Real Market Value: $34,601,251,454
(includes the value of non-taxed properties)
Annual Precipitation: 19.84"
Economy: Medical, retail, tourism, agriculture, manufacturing and forest products
Points of Interest
Mount Ashland Ski Resort, Historic Jacksonville, Oregon Shakespeare Festival, Peter Britt Music Festival, Southern Oregon University, Pear orchards, Howard Prairie Lake, Emigrant Lake, Hyatt Lake, Fish Lake, Rogue River, Lithia Park, Lost Creek Dam, Butte Creek Mill, Crater Lake Highway, wineries, Rogue Community College
History and General Information
Named for President Andrew Jackson, Jackson County was formed in 1852 from Lane County and the unorganized area south of Douglas and Umpqua Counties. It included lands which now lie in Coos, Curry, Josephine, Klamath and Lake counties. The discovery of gold near Jacksonville in 1852 and completion of a wagon road, which joined the county with California to the south and Douglas County to the north, brought many pioneers.
Commissioners—Chair Rick Dyer (R) 2023, Colleen Roberts (R) 2023; Dave Dotterrer (R) 2025; Dist. Atty. Beth Heckert 2025; Assess. David Arrasmith 2025; Clerk Chris Walker 2023; Justice of the Peace Damian Idiart 2027; Sheriff Nathan Sickler 2023; Surv. Scott Fein 2025; Finance Director/Treas. Shannon Bell; Co. Admin. Danny Jordan