Jackson County


white rapids
Rapids along the Rogue River near Gold Hill. (Oregon State Archives Scenic Image 20150723-5025​)
County Seat: Courthouse, 10 S Oakdale Ave., Medford 97501
Phone: 541-774-6029 (General); 541-776-7171 (Court Administrator - Justice Bldg., 100 S Oakdale Ave., Medford 97501)
Fax: 541-774-6455


Established: Jan. 12, 1852
Elev. at Medford: 1,382'
Area: 2,801 sq. mi.
Average Temp.: January 37.6°  July 72.5°
Assessed Value: $23,489,281,977
Real Market Value: $38,844,192,957
(includes the value of non-taxed properties)
Annual Precipitation: 19.84"
Economy: Medical, retail, tourism, agriculture, manufacturing and forest products

Related Resources

"County QuickFacts" (population and economic data from U.S. Census Bureau)
County Seat Map (from Google Maps)
County Map (from ODOT) 

Incorporated Cities

Points of Interest

Mount Ashland Ski Resort, Historic Jacksonville, Oregon Shakespeare Festival, Peter Britt Music Festival, Southern Oregon University, Pear orchards, Howard Prairie Lake, Emigrant Lake, Hyatt Lake, Fish Lake, Rogue River, Lithia Park, Lost Creek Dam, Butte Creek Mill, Crater Lake Highway, wineries, Rogue Community College

History and General Information 

Named for President Andrew Jackson, Jackson County was formed in 1852 from Lane County and the unorganized area south of Douglas and Umpqua Counties. It included lands which now lie in Coos, Curry, Josephine, Klamath and Lake counties. The discovery of gold near Jacksonville in 1852 and completion of a wagon road, which joined the county with California to the south and Douglas County to the north, brought many pioneers.

County Officials

Commissioners—Chair Rick Dyer 2027; Colleen Roberts 2027; Dave Dotterrer 2025; Dist. Atty. Beth Heckert 2025; Assess. David Arrasmith 2025; Clerk Chris Walker 2027; Justice of the Peace Joseph Carter 2027; Sheriff Nathan Sickler 2027; Surv. Scott Fein 2025; Finance Director/Treas. Shannon Bell; Co. Admin. Danny Jordan​