Oregon Almanac: Abbreviation to Crustacean

Abbreviation, Oregon 

OR (postal)
wind turbines
Wind turbines on Monkland Lane in Sherman County. (Oregon State Archives Photo)


97 public, 377 private

Alternative Energy Projects, Largest

Geothermal Projects
Neal Hot Springs, Malheur County, 2012: 22 megawatts peak capacity
Klamath Falls Geothermal District Heating System, City of Klamath Falls, OIT campus, providing heat to downtown buildings, 2010: 2.1 megawatts peak capacity

Solar Projects
Outback Solar, Lake County, 2012: 4,950 megawatts peak capacity
Oregon solar projects, various locations, 2012: 4,574 megawatts 
ProLogis Rooftop Project, Multnomah and Clackamas Counties, 2010: 2,400 megawatts peak capacity
Black Cap Solar, Lake County, 2012: 2,000 megawatts peak capacity

Wind Projects
Shepherds Flat, Gilliam and Morrow Counties, 2012: 338 turbines/898 megawatts peak capacity
Biglow Canyon Wind Farm, Sherman County, 2010: 217 turbines/450 megawatts peak capacity 
Klondike III Wind Project, Sherman County, 2007: 176 turbines/300 megawatts peak capacity
Stateline Wind Project, Umatilla County, 2001: 229 turbines/222 megawatts peak capacity


American Beaver
An American Beaver at home near the water.
Highest: Mt. Hood (11,239')
Lowest: Pacific Ocean (sea level)

Amusement Park, Oldest

Oaks Amusement Park, Portland: Opening on May 30, 1905, it is one of the oldest continuously operated amusement parks in the United States.

Animal, State

The 1969 Legislature named the American Beaver (Castor canadensis) the Oregon state animal. Prized for its fur, the beaver was overtrapped by early settlers and eliminated from much of its original range. Through management and protection, the beaver has been reestablished in waterways throughout the state. The beaver has been referred to as “nature’s engineer,” and its dam-building activities are important to natural water flow and erosion control. Oregon is known as the “Beaver State.” The beaver is Oregon State University’s mascot.

Apportionment, US House of Representatives

(number of U.S. Representatives from Oregon)
Linus Pauling
Linus Pauling won two Nobel prizes.
1860-1880: 1
1890-1900: 2
1910-1930: 3
1940-1970: 4
1980-Present: 5 

Awards (Nobel, Pulitzer)

1934: Medford Mail Tribune, Pulitzer, Journalism
1939: Ronald Callvert, The Oregonian, Pulitzer, Editorial Writing
1954: Linus Pauling, Nobel, Chemistry
1956: Walter H. Brattain, Nobel, Physics
1957: Wallace Turner and William Lambert, The Oregonian, Pulitzer, Local Reporting (No Edition time)
1962: Linus Pauling, Nobel, Peace
1999: Richard Read, The Oregonian, Pulitzer, Explanatory Writing
2001: Carl Weiman, Nobel, Physics
2001: The Oregonian, Pulitzer, Public Service 
Western Meadowlark
The Western Meadowlark is Oregon's state bird. (Noah Strycker)
2001: Tom Hallman, Jr., The Oregonian, Pulitzer, Feature Writing
2005: Nigel Jaquiss, Willamette Week, Pulitzer, Investigative Reporting
2006: Rick Attig and Doug Bates, The Oregonian, Pulitzer, Editorial Writing
2007: The Oregonian, Pulitzer, Breaking News Reporting
2010: Dale T. Mortensen, Nobel, Economics
2014: The Oregonian, Pulitzer, Editorial Writing

Beverage, State

Milk was designated Oregon’s state beverage in 1997. The Legislature recognized that milk production and the manufacture of dairy products are major contributors to the economic well-being of Oregon agriculture. 

Birds, State

Songbird: Distinctive for its flute-like song, the Western Meadowlark (Sturnella neglecta) was chosen to be the state bird by the Oregon Audubon Society-sponsored schoolchildren’s 1927 election. The selection was proclaimed by Governor Patterson in July, 1927, and the 2017 Legislature declared the Western Meadowlark to be the State Songbird. Native to western North America, the bird has brown plumage with buff and black markings. Its underside is bright yellow with a black V-shape on the breast. Outer tail feathers are mainly white and are easily visible when it flies. 

Raptor: The Osprey (Pandion haliaetus) was designated state raptor by the 2017 Legislature, declaring the large bird with its striking markings to be a fitting symbol of Oregon’s rugged independence, strength and resilience, evoking 
Oregon’s lakes, rivers, streams and ocean.


43,630 (2017)

Borders and Boundaries

Wells Fargo Center
The Wells Fargo Tower in downtown Portland is the tallest building in the state. (Oregon State Archives Photo)
Washington on the north 
California on the south
Idaho on the east
Pacific Ocean on the west
Nevada on the southeast


Highest: Thomas Creek Bridge, north of Brookings, 345'
Longest: Megler Bridge, Astoria, 21,474'
Covered bridges: 51; 27 of which are located in Linn and Lane counties 

Buildings, Tallest (Portland)

1. Wells Fargo Tower (1972), 546', 41 floors
2. U.S. Bancorp Tower (1983), 536', 42 floors
3. KOIN Tower (1984), 509', 35 floors

Cities, Total Incorporated


Largest Populations (2017)

1. Portland (648,740)
2. Eugene (169,695)
3. Salem (165,265)

Counties, Total


Largest Area, Sq. Mi.

Highway in Harney County
Harney County is the largest county in the state. (Oregon State Archives Photo)
1. Harney (10,228)
2. Malheur (9,928)
3. Lake (8,359)

Smallest Area, Sq. Mi.

1. Multnomah (465)
2. Hood River (533)
3. Benton (679)

Largest Populations (2017)

1. Multnomah (813,300)
2. Washington (606,280)​
3. Clackamas (419,425)

Crustacean, State       
The 2009 Legislature designated the Dungeness Crab (Metacarcinus magister) as the official state crustacean. The action followed petitioning by the 4th grade class of Sunset Primary School in West Linn. Common to the Pacific coastline from the Alaskan Aleutian Islands to Santa Cruz, California, Dungeness Crab is considered the most commercially important crab in the Pacific Northwest.