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Oregon Almanac: Abbreviation to Crustacean

Abbreviation, Oregon 

OR (postal)
wind turbines
Wind turbines on Monkland Lane in Sherman County. (Oregon State Archives Photo)

Alternative Energy Projects, Largest (2018)

Geothermal Projects
33 megawatts of capacity
99 megawatts of planned capacity
Three facilities—the largest is 28.5 megawatts

Solar Projects
295 megawatts of capacity for projects of 1 megawatt or larger
Over 15,000 residential solar projects
685 megawatts of capacity proposed, approved or under review

Wind Projects
3.383 megawatts of capacity
44 operating facilities (one spans the Oregon/Washington state line)
Sites range from 1.6 to 300 megawatts (13 largest = 69% of total capacity)

Altitudes

American Beaver
An American Beaver at home near the water.
Highest: Mt. Hood (11,237')
Lowest: Pacific Ocean (sea level)

Amusement Park, Oldest

Oaks Amusement Park, Portland: Opening on May 30, 1905, it is one of the oldest continuously operated amusement parks in the United States.

Animal, State

The 1969 Legislature named the American Beaver (Castor canadensis) the Oregon state animal. Prized for its fur, the beaver was overtrapped by early settlers and eliminated from much of its original range. Through management and protection, the beaver has been reestablished in waterways throughout the state. The beaver has been referred to as “nature’s engineer,” and its dam-building activities are important to natural water flow and erosion control. Oregon is known as the “Beaver State.” The beaver is Oregon State University’s mascot.
 

Apportionment, US House of Representatives

(number of U.S. Representatives from Oregon)
Linus Pauling
Linus Pauling won two Nobel prizes.
1860-1880: 1
1890-1900: 2
1910-1930: 3
1940-1970: 4
1980-Present: 5 

Awards (Nobel, Pulitzer)

1934: Medford Mail Tribune, Pulitzer, Journalism
1939: Ronald Callvert, The Oregonian, Pulitzer, Editorial Writing
1954: Linus Pauling, Nobel, Chemistry
1956: Walter H. Brattain, Nobel, Physics
1957: Wallace Turner and William Lambert, The Oregonian, Pulitzer, Local Reporting (No Edition time)
1962: Linus Pauling, Nobel, Peace
1990: Nicholas D. Kristof, with wife Sheryl WuDunn, The New York Times, Pulitzer, 
1999: Richard Read, The Oregonian, Pulitzer, Explanatory Writing
2001: Carl Weiman, Nobel, Physics
2001: The Oregonian, Pulitzer, Public Service 
Western Meadowlark
The Western Meadowlark is Oregon's state bird. (Noah Strycker)
2001: Tom Hallman, Jr., The Oregonian, Pulitzer, Feature Writing
2005: Nigel Jaquiss, Willamette Week, Pulitzer, Investigative Reporting
2006: Rick Attig and Doug Bates, The Oregonian, Pulitzer, Editorial Writing
2006: Nicholas D. Kristof, The New York Times, Pulitzer, Commentary
2007: The Oregonian, Pulitzer, Breaking News Reporting
2010: Dale T. Mortensen, Nobel, Economics
2014: The Oregonian, Pulitzer, Editorial Writing

Beverage, State

Milk was designated Oregon’s state beverage in 1997. The Legislature recognized that milk production and the manufacture of dairy products are major contributors to the economic well-being of Oregon agriculture.

Birds, State

Songbird: Distinctive for its flute-like song, the Western Meadowlark (Sturnella neglecta) was chosen to be the state bird by the Oregon Audubon Society-sponsored schoolchildren’s 1927 election. The selection was proclaimed by Governor Patterson in July, 1927, and the 2017 Legislature declared the Western Meadowlark to be the State Songbird. Native to western North America, the bird has brown plumage with buff and black markings. Its underside is bright yellow with a black V-shape on the breast. Outer tail feathers are mainly white and are easily visible when it flies. 

Raptor: The Osprey (Pandion haliaetus) was designated state raptor by the 2017 Legislature, declaring the large bird with its striking markings to be a fitting symbol of Oregon’s rugged independence, strength and resilience, evoking Oregon’s lakes, rivers, streams and ocean.
 

Births

41,758 (2019)

Borders and Boundaries

Wells Fargo Center
The Wells Fargo Tower in downtown Portland is the tallest building in the state. (Oregon State Archives Photo)
Washington on the north 
California on the south
Idaho on the east
Pacific Ocean on the west
Nevada on the southeast

Bridges

Highest: Thomas Creek Bridge, north of Brookings, 345'
Longest: Megler Bridge, Astoria, 21,474'
Covered bridges: 51; 33 of which are located in the Willamette Valley 

Buildings, Tallest (Portland)

1. Wells Fargo Tower (1972), 546', 40 floors
2. Park Avenue West (2016), 537', 30 floors
3. U.S. Bancorp Tower (1983), 536', 42 floors

Cities, Total Incorporated

241 

Largest Populations (2017)

1. Portland (657,100)
2. Eugene (171, 210)
3. Salem (167,400)

Counties, Total

36 

Largest Area, Sq. Mi.

Highway in Harney County
Harney County is the largest county in the state. (Oregon State Archives Photo)
1. Harney (10,133)
2. Malheur (9,888)
3. Lake (8,139)

Smallest Area, Sq. Mi.

1. Multnomah (431)
2. Hood River (522)
3. Columbia (657)

Largest Populations (2019)

1. Multnomah (821,730)
2. Washington (613,410)
3. Clackamas (423,420)

Craft Brewing Industry (2019)

311 craft breweries (ranks 10th nationally)
Barrels of craft beer produced per year: 1,012,854 (ranks 9th nationally)​

Crustacean, State       
The 2009 Legislature designated the Dungeness Crab (Metacarcinus magister) as the official state crustacean. The action followed petitioning by the fourth grade class of Sunset Primary School in West Linn. Common to the Pacific coastline from the Alaskan Aleutian Islands to Santa Cruz, California, Dungeness Crab is considered the most commercially important crab in the Pacific Northwest.​