97 public, 377 private
Alternative Energy Projects, Largest
Neal Hot Springs, Malheur County, 2012: 22 megawatts peak capacity
Klamath Falls Geothermal District Heating System, City of Klamath Falls, OIT campus, providing heat to downtown buildings, 2010: 2.1 megawatts peak capacity
Outback Solar, Lake County, 2012: 4,950 megawatts peak capacity
Oregon solar projects, various locations, 2012: 4,574 megawatts
ProLogis Rooftop Project, Multnomah and Clackamas Counties, 2010: 2,400 megawatts peak capacity
Black Cap Solar, Lake County, 2012: 2,000 megawatts peak capacity
Shepherds Flat, Gilliam and Morrow Counties, 2012: 338 turbines/898 megawatts peak capacity
Biglow Canyon Wind Farm, Sherman County, 2010: 217 turbines/450 megawatts peak capacity
Klondike III Wind Project, Sherman County, 2007: 176 turbines/300 megawatts peak capacity
Stateline Wind Project, Umatilla County, 2001: 229 turbines/222 megawatts peak capacity
Highest: Mt. Hood (11,239')
Lowest: Pacific Ocean (sea level)
Amusement Park, Oldest
Oaks Amusement Park, Portland: Opening on May 30, 1905, it is one of the oldest continuously operated amusement parks in the United States.
The 1969 Legislature named the American Beaver (Castor canadensis) the Oregon state animal. Prized for its fur, the beaver was overtrapped by early settlers and eliminated from much of its original range. Through management and protection, the beaver has been reestablished in waterways throughout the state. The beaver has been referred to as “nature’s engineer,” and its dam-building activities are important to natural water flow and erosion control. Oregon is known as the “Beaver State.” The beaver is Oregon State University’s mascot.
Apportionment, US House of Representatives
(number of U.S. Representatives from Oregon)
Awards (Nobel, Pulitzer)
1934: Medford Mail Tribune, Pulitzer, Journalism
1939: Ronald Callvert, The Oregonian, Pulitzer, Editorial Writing
1954: Linus Pauling, Nobel, Chemistry
1956: Walter H. Brattain, Nobel, Physics
1957: Wallace Turner and William Lambert, The Oregonian, Pulitzer, Local Reporting (No Edition time)
1962: Linus Pauling, Nobel, Peace
1999: Richard Read, The Oregonian, Pulitzer, Explanatory Writing
2001: Carl Weiman, Nobel, Physics
2001: The Oregonian, Pulitzer, Public Service
2001: Tom Hallman, Jr., The Oregonian, Pulitzer, Feature Writing
2005: Nigel Jaquiss, Willamette Week, Pulitzer, Investigative Reporting
2006: Rick Attig and Doug Bates, The Oregonian, Pulitzer, Editorial Writing
2007: The Oregonian, Pulitzer, Breaking News Reporting
2010: Dale T. Mortensen, Nobel, Economics
2014: The Oregonian, Pulitzer, Editorial Writing
Milk was designated Oregon’s state beverage in 1997. The Legislature recognized that milk production and the manufacture of dairy products are major contributors to the economic well-being of Oregon agriculture.
Songbird: Distinctive for its flute-like song, the Western Meadowlark (Sturnella neglecta) was chosen to be the state bird by the Oregon Audubon Society-sponsored schoolchildren’s 1927 election. The selection was proclaimed by Governor Patterson in July, 1927, and the 2017 Legislature declared the Western Meadowlark to be the State Songbird. Native to western North America, the bird has brown plumage with buff and black markings. Its underside is bright yellow with a black V-shape on the breast. Outer tail feathers are mainly white and are easily visible when it flies.
Raptor: The Osprey (Pandion haliaetus) was designated state raptor by the 2017 Legislature, declaring the large bird with its striking markings to be a fitting symbol of Oregon’s rugged independence, strength and resilience, evoking
Oregon’s lakes, rivers, streams and ocean.
Borders and Boundaries
Washington on the north
California on the south
Idaho on the east
Pacific Ocean on the west
Nevada on the southeast
Highest: Thomas Creek Bridge, north of Brookings, 345'
Longest: Megler Bridge, Astoria, 21,474'
Covered bridges: 51; 33 covered bridges are located in the Willamette Valley, 19 in Lane County
Buildings, Tallest (Portland)
1. Wells Fargo Tower (1972), 546', 41 floors
2. U.S. Bancorp Tower (1983), 536', 42 floors
3. KOIN Tower (1984), 509', 35 floors
Cities, Total Incorporated
Largest Populations (2017)
1. Portland (648,740)
2. Eugene (169,695)
3. Salem (165,265)
Largest Area, Sq. Mi.
1. Harney (10,228)
2. Malheur (9,928)
3. Lake (8,359)
Smallest Area, Sq. Mi.
1. Multnomah (465)
2. Hood River (533)
3. Benton (679)
Largest Populations (2017)
1. Multnomah (813,300)
2. Washington (606,280)
3. Clackamas (419,425)
The 2009 Legislature designated the Dungeness Crab (Metacarcinus magister) as the official state crustacean. The action followed petitioning by the 4th grade class of Sunset Primary School in West Linn. Common to the Pacific coastline from the Alaskan Aleutian Islands to Santa Cruz, California, Dungeness Crab is considered the most commercially important crab in the Pacific Northwest.