Oregon Almanac: Abbreviation to Crustacean

Abbreviation, Oregon ​​

OR (postal)
wind turbines
Wind turbines on Monkland Lane in Sherman County. (Oregon State Archives Photo)

​Alternative Energy

Geothermal (2021)
33 megawatts of capacity
99 megawatts of planned capacity
192,101 Megawatt Hours Generated (2020)

Solar (2021)
726 Megawatts Total Capacity
Over 20,000 residential solar projects
1,077,902 Megawatt Hours Generated (2020)

Wind (2021)
3,772 Megawatts Total Capacity
51 operating facilities 
8,777,254 Megawatt Hours Generated (2020)


American Beaver
A beaver family statue next to the Oregon State Capitol in Salem. Marion County. (Oregon State Archives photo)​
Highest: Mt. Hood (11,239')
Lowest: Pacific Ocean (sea level)

Amusement Park, Oldest

Oaks Amusement Park, Portland. Opened in May, 1905, is one of the oldest continuously operating amusement parks in the United States.

Animal, State

The 1969 Legislature named the American Beaver (Castor canadensis) the Oregon state animal. Prized for its fur, the beaver was overtrapped by early settlers and eliminated from much of its original range. Through management and protection, the beaver has been reestablished in waterways throughout the state. The beaver has been referred to as “nature’s engineer,” and its dam-building activities are important to natural water flow and erosion control. Oregon is known as the “Beaver State.” The beaver is Oregon State University’s mascot.​​

Apportionment, US House of Representatives

(number of U.S. Representatives from Oregon)
Linus Pauling
Linus Pauling won two Nobel prizes.
1860-1880: 1
1890-1900: 2
1910-1930: 3
1940-1970: 4
1980-2022: 5 
2022-Present: 6

Awards (Nobel, Pulitzer)

1934: William P. Murphy, Nobel, Medicine
1934: Medford Mail Tribune, Pulitzer, Journalism
1939: Ronald Callvert, The Oregonian, Pulitzer, Editorial Writing
1954: Linus Pauling, Nobel, Chemistry
1956: Walter H. Brattain, Nobel, Physics
1957: Wallace Turner and William Lambert, The Oregonian, Pulitzer, Local Reporting
1962: Linus Pauling, Nobel, Peace
1990: Nicholas D. Kristof, with wife Sheryl WuDunn, The New York Times, Pulitzer, International Reporting
1999: Richard Read, The Oregonian, Pulitzer, Explanatory Writing
2001: Carl Weiman, Nobel, Atomic Physics
2001: The Oregonian, Pulitzer, Public Service 
Western Meadowlark
The Western Meadowlark is Oregon's state bird. (Noah Strycker)
2001: Tom Hallman, Jr., The Oregonian, Pulitzer, Feature Writing
2005: Nigel Jaquiss, Willamette Week, Pulitzer, Investigative Reporting
2006: Rick Attig and Doug Bates, The Oregonian, Pulitzer, Editorial Writing
2006: Nicholas D. Kristof, The New York Times, Pulitzer, Commentary
2007: The Oregonian, Pulitzer, Breaking News Reporting
2010: Dale T. Mortensen, Nobel, Economics
2014: The Oregonian, Pulitzer, Editorial Writing
2021: Mitchell S. Jackson, Pulitzer, Feature Writing​

Beverage, State

Milk was designated Oregon’s state beverage in 1997. The Legislature recognized that milk production and the manufacture of dairy products are major contributors to the economic well-being of Oregon agriculture.

Birds, State

Songbird: Distinctive for its flute-like song, the Western Meadowlark (Sturnella neglecta) was chosen to be the state bird by the Oregon Audubon Society-sponsored schoolchildren’s 1927 election. The selection was proclaimed by Gove​rnor Patterson in July, 1927, and the 2017 Legislature declared the Western Meadowlark to be the State Songbird. Native to western North America, the bird has brown plumage with buff and black markings. Its underside is bright yellow with a black V-shape on the breast. Outer tail feathers are mainly white and are easily visible when it flies. ​

Raptor: The Osprey (Pandion haliaetus) was designated state raptor by the 2017 Legislature, declaring the large bird with its striking markings to be a fitting symbol of Oregon’s rugged independence, strength and resilience, evoking 
Oregon’s lakes, rivers, streams and ocean.

40,847 (2021)​

Borders and Boundaries

Wells Fargo Center
The Wells Fargo Tower in downtown Portland is the tallest building in the state. (Oregon State Archives Photo)
Washington on the north 
California on the south
Idaho on the east
Pacific Ocean on the west
Nevada on the southeast


Highest: Thomas Creek Bridge, north of Brookings, 345'
Longest: Megler Bridge, Astoria, 21,474'
Covered bridges: 51; 33 of which are located in the Willamette Valley 

Buildings, Tallest (Portland)

  1. Wells Fargo Tower (1972), 546', 40 floors
  2. Park Avenue West (2016), 537', 30 floors
  3. U.S. Bancorp Tower (1983), 536', 42 floors​

Cities, Total Incorporated


Largest Populations (2021)

  1. Portland (658,773)
  2. Salem (177,694)
  3. Eugene (175,626)

Counties, Total


Largest Area, Sq. Mi.

Highway in Harney County
Harney County is the largest county in the state. (Oregon State Archives Photo)
  1. Harney (10,133)
  2. Malheur (9,888)​
  3. Lake (8,139)

Smallest Area, Sq. Mi.

  1. Multnomah (431)
  2. Hood River (522)
  3. Columbia (657)

Largest Populations (2021)

  1. Multnomah (820,672)
  2. Washington (605,036)
  3. Clackamas (425,316)

Craft Brewing Industry (2021)

310 craft breweries (ranks 12th nationally)
Barrels of craft beer produced per year: 897,473 (ranks 9th nationally)

Crustacean, State

The 2009 Legislature designated the Dungeness Crab (Metacarcinus magister) as the official state crustacean. The action followed petitioning by the fourth grade class of Sunset Primary School in West Linn. Common to the Pacific coastline from the Alaskan Aleutian Island​s to Santa Cruz, California, Dungeness Crab is considered the most commercially important crab in the Pacific Northwest.