More than a dozen women dressed for cold weather stand on the steps of a building. They carry signs with the names of their states and suffrage messages.​​
Woman suffrage proponents take part in the suffrage hike from New York City to Washington, D.C. to join the March 3, 1913 National American Woman Suffrage Association parade. (Courtesy of Library of Congress)​ Enlarge Image
The movement to secure woman suffrage in Oregon and the United States did not occur in a vacuum. Many countries around the world preceded the United States in reaching the goal, led by New Zealand in 1893. Efforts in the United Kingdom were particularly influential to American attitudes. Proponents eventually found success, but it came in fits and starts as p​rotectors of traditional power structures resisted with strong campaigns of their own. The following timelines place the Oregon experience in a larger context over the course of decades.