Independent Expenditures

An independent expenditure is an expenditure or account payable that's incurred for a communication in support of ​or in opposition to a clearly identified candidate or measure.

Beginning January 1, 2014, a person who makes independent expenditures of more than $750 in a calendar year to support or oppose any candidate or measure must register as an Independent Expenditure Filer and disclose the independent expenditures using ORESTAR. Filing deadlines must be strictly adhered to as penalties may be imposed for late filed independent expenditures. See the 2014 Campaign Finance Manual for more information about what data must be included when disclosing independent expenditures in ORESTAR or contact the Elections Division for assistance.

Independ​ent Expenditure Defined


An independent expenditure is an expenditure or account payable that is incurred to make a communication in support of or in opposition to a clearly identified candidate or measure. The expenditure is not made with the cooperation or prior consent of, or in consultation with, or at the request or suggestion of, a candidate, agent, authorized committee of the candidate, any political committee, or agent of a political committee supporting or opposing a measure.

Words expressing advocacy, such as “vote for” or “defeat,” are not required to make a communication a reportable expenditure. Instead, the standard is whether the communication:

  • clearly identifies the candidate or measure;

  • taken in its context, clearly and unambiguously urges the election or defeat of the candidate or passage or defeat of the measure;

  • seeks action rather than simply conveying information as a whole;


  • is clear about what action the communication advocates.

Examples of independent expenditures include:


  • a person independently paying for an argument in a voters’ pamphlet;


  • a person independently purchanding a newspaper ad, poster, or other political material supporting or opposing a candidate or measure.

An independent expenditure is not:

  • a contribution made directly to a committee and reported by the committee


  •  an expenditure reported as an in-kind contribution by a committee.

Forms on File

Prior to January 1, 2014, a person that made independent expenditures disclosed the information by filing the paper form PC 10, Statement of Independent Expenditures.

Forms are listed by the week in which they were filed. If a week isn't listed, no forms were received that week. To view or print PDF forms, install the latest Adobe Reader, which is available free.

Statement of In​dependent Expenditures (PC10) Forms filed 2010-2013.​​​